City of Encino
In 1769, the Spanish Portola expedition, first Europeans to see inland areas of California, traveled north through Sepulveda pass into the San Fernando Valley on August 5 and stayed two nights at a native village near what is now Los Encinos State Historic Park. Fray Juan Crespi, a Franciscan missionary travelling with the expedition, named the valley “El Valle de Santa Catalina de Bononia de Los Encinos” (The Valley of St. Catherine of Bononia of the Oaks).All of Crespi's name was later dropped except "encino".
Rancho Los Encinos (Ranch of Oak Trees) was established in 1845 when a large parcel of former Mission San Fernando land was granted to three Mission Indians by governor Pio Pico. Many ranchos were created after the secularization of the California missions, which began in 1834. Encino derives its name from the rancho.
Encino is situated in the central portion of the southern San Fernando Valley and on the north slope of the Santa Monica Mountains. It is flanked on the north by Reseda and the Sepulveda Basin, on the east by Sherman Oaks, on the southeast by Bel-Air, on the south by Brentwood and on the west by Tarzana.
Forty-six percent of Encino residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a high percentage for both the city and the county. The percentage of those residents with a master's degree or higher was also high for the county.
Schools within the Encino boundaries are:
Encino is served by the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD)
• Hesby Oaks Leadership Charter School (K-8 school), LAUSD, 15530 Hesby Street
• Encino Charter Elementary School, LAUSD, 16941 Addison Street
• Emelita Street Elementary School, LAUSD, 17931 Hatteras Street
• Fred E. Lull Special Education Center, LAUSD, 17551 Miranda Street
• Lanai Road Elementary School, LAUSD, 4241 Lanai Road
As of 2016, there are no public high schools in Encino. Public high schools serving portions of Encino are Birmingham High School in Lake Balboa, and Reseda High School in Reseda. In 1982 the board considered closing Rhoda Street Elementary School in Encino. In April 1983 an advisory committee of the LAUSD recommended closing eight LAUSD schools, including Rhoda Street School. In August 1983 the board publicly considered closing Rhoda, which had 262 students at the time.In 1984 the board voted to close the Rhoda Street School.
• Sage Academy, elementary, 5901 Lindley Avenue
• Westmark School, 5461 Louise Avenue
• Holy Martyrs Armenian High School/Ferrahian, 5300 White Oak Avenue
• Crespi Carmelite High School, 5031 Alonzo Avenue
• Our Lady of Grace School, elementary, 17720 Ventura Boulevard
• Los Encinos School, elementary, 17114 Ventura Boulevard
• Saint Cyril of Jerusalem, elementary, 4650 Haskell Avenue
• Valley Beth Shalom Day School, 15739 Ventura Boulevard
Parks and recreation
California State Parks operates the 5-acre (2.0 ha) Los Encinos State Historic Park in Encino.The park includes the original nine room de la Ossa Adobe, the Garnier Building, a blacksmith shop, a pond, and a natural spring.
The Sepulveda Dam Recreation Area, located in Encino, includes the Woodley Worel/Magnus Cricket Complex with the four best grass cricket pitches in the United States. Host to many famous stars and games reflecting cricket's origins in Los Angeles from 1888. Also included in the basin is the Encino Golf Course and the Balboa Golf Course, having a total of 36 golf holes. The Balboa Municipal Golf Course, a short-length golf course, was lengthened by Steve Timm in 2008.
The Balboa course has a banquet room, back nine play, cart rental, club rental, classes, a lighted driving range, a lounge, practice chipping greens, practice putting greens, and a restaurant. The Encino Municipal Golf Course, the second course of the two Sepulveda Dam courses, is a medium-length course that was designed by William P. Bell and Sons and opened in 1957. The course has large, tree-lined fairways. The course has the same features that the Balboa course has. The Balboa Sports Complex in Encino includes a lighted baseball diamond, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children's play area, a community room, a lighted football field, a lighted handball court, an indoor gymnasium without weights and with a capacity for 400 people, an unlighted soccer field, lighted tennis courts, and lighted volleyball courts.The Sepulveda Basin Off-leash Dog Park is a dog park in Encino. The dog park has 6.5 acres (2.6 ha) of leash-free dog area, a 0.5-acre (0.20 ha) small dog area, an on-leash picnic area, 100 parking spots, and public telephones. The Sepulveda Garden Center, a community garden area in Encino, has about 16 acres (6.5 ha) of land and 420 garden plots.
The boundaries of Encino are: Victory Blvd. on the north, Mulholland Dr. on the south, Lindley on the west, and the San Diego Freeway on the east. Some popular areas of Encino include Royal Oaks (and a gated area called The Royal Oaks Colony), Amestoy Estates, Rancho Estates, The Hills of Encino Area (Hayvenhurst area), Lake Encino, Encino Woods, Encino Village and Encino Park.